c. Methodists and Baptists. When he moved to Rome, NY, 500 converts were soon made. He has been called The Father of Modern Revivalism. Evangelist Charles Grandison Finney, one of the foremost preachers and revivalists of the Second Great Awakening, was influenced by an array of theological traditions. - Definition & Examples, Vietnam War During the Nixon Years: Learning Objectives & Activities, Free Online Finance Courses & Certificates, Tech and Engineering - Questions & Answers, Health and Medicine - Questions & Answers. What was one of the main messages of the Second Great Awakening? Born in Connecticut, he was raised in various frontier towns in central New York, an area known as the "Burned-Over District" for the revivals that had swept through it. Each of the presentation slides are editable so you can change them to fit your individual needs. It seems as if the nation was waiting for this, for as Western New York State was swept by the Spirit’s moving, awakening spread across the entire country. The Second Great Awakening tended to. Such concepts are still central to the evangelical denominations, and they resonated strongly with Americans in the post-Revolutionary era. Revivalist preachers spoke to thousands of people at camp meetings on the expanding frontier. The other really famous preacher from this time period was Charles Grandison Finney and Finney traveled around and drew just crowds in the thousands. Rather than being predestined to heaven or hell, this doctrine says humans are responsible for accepting or rejecting God's salvation. The Second Great Awakening was also important in Ohio, Kentucky, and Tennessee, where established churches were few and far between. . Morality came to the forefront of daily life, but individuals might be led to interpret this in different ways, engendering a new value of personal responsibility that has become an important character trait in the American psyche. The Mormon and Adventist churches were also founded, along with less traditional spiritual movements. These values are still characteristic of a lot of religious groups and even non-religious activists in America today. It isn't enough to just 'be' good; you need to 'do' good. credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. Finney believed in the power of prayer to bring about change in society and the human heart. There was nothing at all miraculous about the coming of revival. The Anglican Church was reformed into the Episcopal Church, and the Second Great Awakening was launched. “A state of mind that sees God in everything is evidence of growth in grace and a thankful heart.” ― … The Great Awakening, the Second Great Awakening, along with other smaller revivals have all received attention. The meetings continued until 9 March 1831, and brought him international fame. Lawyer, theologian and college president, Charles Grandison Finney was also the most famous revivalist of the Second Great Awakening. The movement was especially influential on the western frontier of New York, which was called the 'Burned-Over District' after the fire of religious revival burned so intently there. credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. The New Measures were successful and valid new evangelistic techniques, his followers urged. And while the Second Great Awakening did increase church attendance, its most enduring legacy may have been an intertwining of Christian values with civic values. Would you expect a revolutionary who believed that God had just helped him defeat the King of England to agree with a church that said he had no hope of making it to heaven? Charles Finney emerged, at age thirty-six, as the leader of the campaign for awakening in America, the recognized head of the Second Great Awakening, and the heir of Timothy Dwight. No history of American Christianity can omit the life and theology of Charles Finney. Log in here for access. The Mormon religion originated in. Under the ministries of men influenced by Finney, and others, awakenings seemed to be everywhere in 1831, and they would continue for years to come. Under my preaching, judges, and lawyers, and educated men were converted by scores . During the Second Great Awakening revivalistic theology in many denominations shifted from Calvinism to a practical Arminianism as preachers emphasized the ability of sinners to make an immediate decision for their salvation; theological differences almost disappeared among evangelical churches. Basically, God already knew from the beginning of time who would be saved from hell and who wouldn't. The awakening at Rochester was almost singularly responsible for a national awakening in 1831. Whatever people’s opinions on these issues, there was no denying that Finney was winning great numbers of converts wherever he spoke. He saw revivals very differently from Stoddard, Edwards, Whitefield, or Wesley, who understood that Christians could do nothing about periods of sin and backsliding until the Holy Spirit brought about renewal. Demands poured in for his preaching in the major cities of the Eastern seaboard. Anyone can earn A revivalist named Lyman Beecher led people to voluntarily stop drinking alcohol since it could easily lead to sin, and he founded the temperance movement to ban the sale of alcohol legally. Both presentations together number 33 slides. evident from the Second Great Awakening to the present. CHARLES FINNEY, and all of the new theology and practices associated with him, came charging upon the religious scene in the United States in late 1825. © copyright 2003-2021 Study.com. This was especially true in the Protestant Northeast. The revolutionary spirit of self-reliance led Americans to shun the earlier denominations that believed in predestination in favor of the Baptist and Methodist teachings of human free will and responsibility. The church is a society of moral reformers, said its leading evangelist Charles Finney… Already registered? You can test out of the But after the war, they wanted something that reflected their own values, something more American. As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 83,000 Along with that, he possessed a ma jestic voice, which could be immensely persuasive with crowds. What was referred to as the Second Great Awakening? Get access risk-free for 30 days, Concluding thoughts on our great need to pray. That is why Finney is so popular. Taverns closed. . At the heart of this movement was a series of revivals. He says that “religion is the work of man. He taught that awakening was not a miraculous act of God, but a simple use of human choice. . A person couldn't possibly change God's mind, so a Christian's job was to prove to himself and others that he was one of the chosen. Charles Grandison Finney (August 29, 1792 – August 16, 1875) was an American Presbyterian minister and leader in the Second Great Awakening in the United States. But Finney’s informal preaching had a rapid-fire impact on large congregations, and converts grew in number. Kim discusses the origins and major ideas behind this period of religious revival in the early nineteenth century in the United States. An error occurred trying to load this video. Today's issues might be different, but it was the Second Great Awakening that led Americans to look at the culture around them, identify the problems that are most important to them, and then do something about it. They selected their own bishops and leadership, and, of course, eliminated the king as the head of the church. Just the opposite proved to be the case. Services. Many warned him that being dramatic in the pulpit might turn away the educated. Finney remarked, “They would say, ‘You will not interest the educated part of your congregation.’ But facts soon silenced them on this point. Other revived Christians felt led to improve conditions in cities, prisons, and asylums. | 5 {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons But the Second Great Awakening also deserves credit for important social reform when American Christians turned their hearts toward the problems in the world around them. The influence of the awakening was felt everywhere in the nation. Sociology 110: Cultural Studies & Diversity in the U.S. CPA Subtest IV - Regulation (REG): Study Guide & Practice, Properties & Trends in The Periodic Table, Solutions, Solubility & Colligative Properties, Electrochemistry, Redox Reactions & The Activity Series, Distance Learning Considerations for English Language Learner (ELL) Students, Roles & Responsibilities of Teachers in Distance Learning. lessons in math, English, science, history, and more. The event was so remarkable, it became internationally known. | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} Among the most famous leaders of the Second Great Awakening was a Presbyterian minister named Charles Grandison Finney who led a series of revivals in the newly developed areas along the Erie Canal in upstate New York. The Second Great Awakening was very democratic - anyone could be saved, personal study of the Bible was as good as or better than being taught by someone with formal training, regular people could be called by God to become preachers, and God expected everyone (not just a special few) to do His work on Earth. first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. In the fall of 1830 the pinnacle of his evangelistic career was reached when he began meetings in Rochester, New York. and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. Historian Whitney R. Cross wrote: According to another leading American minister, Lyman Beecher, a hundred thousand in the nation made religious affiliations within a year, an event “unparalleled in the history of the church.”. flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? 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