Resheph become popular in Egypt under Amenhotep II (18th dynasty), where he served as god of horses and chariots. Resheph was usually believed to be related to Mot, the god of sterility and death, but he also seems to have been a god of well-being, plenty, and fertility, and in that respect he may have been a form of the god Baal. Originally adopted into the royal cult, Resheph became a popular deity in the Ramesside Period, at the same time disappearing from royal inscriptions. Omissions? Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. He was brought into the Egyptian pantheon during the 28th Dynasty. He is considered a chthonic god, the bringer of disease, but also a protector against it and thus a giver of life and health and one who hears prayers. Seta-Ta - A mummified god in the fourth division of Tuat Setcheh - A serpent demon He was thought to be able to repell the ‘akha’ demon which causes abdominal pains. Information and translations of resheph in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. Resheph, (Hebrew: “the Burner” or “the Ravager”) ancient West Semitic god of the plague and of the underworld, the companion of Anath, and the equivalent of the Babylonian god Nergal. Reviews There are no reviews yet. Resheph become very popular under Amenhotep II during 18th dynasty, where he served as god of horses and the protector of royalty. In fact it seems he went there on vacation and never returned. Canaanite God Resheph Addeddate 2011-09-02 22:50:06 Identifier CanaaniteGodResheph Identifier-ark ark:/13960/t7xk98h7s Ocr ABBYY FineReader 8.0 Ppi 300. plus-circle Add Review. He was worshipped in Egypt from 18th dynasty of the New Kingdom. Resheph I. Qetesh-Wikipedia. 214: 1, where the divine names Hadad and El are followed by Resheph). He was also a war god and was thus represented as a bearded man brandishing an ax, holding a shield, and wearing a tall, pointed headdress with a goat’s or gazelle’s head on his forehead. He also often showed together with Qetesh and Min. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The originally Eblaite and Canaanite deity was adopted into ancient Egyptian religion in the late Bronze Age during the Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt (late 15th century BC) as a god of horses and chariots. Rashpu is god Lord of the Sky Giver of good life Protection of life is around him b`l ḥẓ--Lord of the arrow (Ugaritic) ḥṣ -- arrow nb n nHH --Lord of Eternity nTr aA --Great god pn arw d šʿly nrn l ršp gn--The mouth of a lion, which Nuranu offered to R ašap of Gunu (Ugaritic) rSp gn--Resheph of Gunu/Garden Because of his martial skills, he was closely associated with the pharaoh in battle. Reshep was a god of Syrian origin whose worshipped in Egypt was established as early as the 18th Dynasty of the New Kingdom. He was also often considered as the husband of Itum in relation of his ability or power to control diseases. of the first century BCE, Resheph was a well-known deity. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Corrections? Be the first one to write a review. He also became the approachable deity who can grant success to those praying to him. Resheph was worshiped especially at Ras Shamra, Byblos, and Arsūf (later Apollonia, near modern Tel Aviv–Yafo). Over the course of Egyptian history hundreds of gods and goddesses were worshipped. His name Resheph also spelled as Rahshaf, Resep, Rasap, Rashap, Reshef or Reshpu whose name means ‘lighting’ or … Privacy Policy. God name "Resheph" Canaan: God of plague. Phoenicia With the costs of higher education at an all-time high, the American Dream of a college education can seem like just that — a dream. He was also known as “Lord of Sky”, “Lord of Eternity”, “Lord of Heaven” or “Governor of all the Gods” and an area of the Nile valley was renamed the “Valley of Reshep”. Reshep's characteristic stance is brandishing a mace or axe over his head. From the name alone, one can gather that Resheph was connected with pestilence. In Biblical Hebrew, רֶשֶׁף‎ resheph is a noun interpreted as “flame, lightning” but also “burning fever, plague, pestilence”. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Under King Djoser's reign (c. 2670 BCE) Imhotep was vizier and chief architect. Resheph was an important god in the Aramaic pantheon of the eighth century B.C.E. His name Resheph also spelled as Rahshaf, Resep, Rasap, Rashap, Reshef or Reshpu whose name means ‘lighting’ or ‘flames’ in Classical Hebrew. Most had a principle association (for example, with the sun or the underworld) and form. ... Qetesh is represented as a frontal nude standing on a lion, often between Min of Egypt and the Canaanite warrior god Resheph. Reshef Facts and Figures Falcon-god of war in ancient Egyptian religion, an embodiment of the conquering vitality of the pharaoh. R.’s cult spread to the Introduction. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. He has links with Theban war god Montu and was thought of as a guardian deity in battle by many Egyptian pharaohs. Resheph, (Hebrew: “the Burner” or “the Ravager”) ancient West Semitic god of the plague and of the underworld, the companion of Anath, and the equivalent of the Babylonian god Nergal. Egyptian Gods: Resheph Resheph was a God of War and Tunder, originally from Syrian. Resheph became popular in Egypt under Amenhotep II (18th dynasty), where he served as god of horses and chariots. Egyptian Gods: Resheph Resheph was a God of War and Thunder, originally Syrian. However, contrary to what we’ve been taught, the gods of Egypt in Moses’ day weren’t all Egyptian gods. Under the title Mikal (or Mekal), he was also worshiped at Beth-shean in eastern Palestine and at Ialium in Cyprus. (see, e.g., the inscription of Panammu I; H. Donner and W. Roellig, Kanaanaeische und aramaeische Inschriften, 1 (1967), p. 38 no. Syro–Palestinian god →DDD. In Biblical Hebrew, רֶשֶׁף resheph is a noun interpreted as … The originally Eblaite and Canaanite deity was adopted into ancient Egyptian religion in the late Bronze Age during the Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt (late 15th century BC) as a god of horses and chariots. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. The worship of Resheph is found in Ugaritic, Phoenician, Aramaic and Egyptian texts. Chapter I deals with Resheph in the Ebla texts, already witnessing his assimilation to the Mesopotamian god Nergal, while Chapter II is dedicated to his consort Adamma. Serapis – A Greco-Egyptian god from the Ptolemaic Period who fused traits of Osiris and Apis with those of several Greek gods. In these texts Resheph is described in various ways, such as the god or gatekeeper of the underworld, god of pestilence, god of war and god of All Rights Reserved. Association with Hathor may be seen in imagery as well. Resheph was a belligerent, aggressive god who used diseases to attack people, but who could also heal. Husband of Isis who, like her, was adopted into Greek and Roman religion outside Egypt. She holds a snake in one hand and a bouquet of lotus flowers in the other as symbols of creation. He was worshipped in Egypt from 18th dynasty of the New Kingdom. The characteristics of individual gods could be hard to pin down. His name Resheph also is spelt several different ways means ‘lighting’ or ‘flames’ in Classical Hebrew. His appearance portrayed as man wearing White Crown of Upper Egypt with a gazelle head in front and long ribbons steamed from back of the crown. He holds spear, axe, sickle, scepter or the ankh in hand. Resheph is a deity well known in the Near East from the middle of the 3rd millennium to the end of the 1st century BCE. He was worshipped in Egypt from 18th dynasty of the New Kingdom. Also, Apollo is usually equated with the Phoenician plague god Resheph. Egyptian War God Also known as Resep, Reshef, Resheph, Reshpu God of War, Battle and Military Operations Originally a Warrior God from Syria (see Reshef), he was drafted into the Egyptian pantheon and found himself part of a triad alongside the sexy love deities Min and Qadesh. Originally adopted into the royal cult, Resheph became a popular deity in the Ramesside Period, at the same time disappearing from royal inscriptions. Its history may be followed for 3,500 years, from the Ebla tablets of the third millennium bce to the Babylonian Talmud and the Aggadic Midrash, Exodus Rabbah, the redaction of which took place, it seems, not earlier than the tenth century ce. Resheph become popular in Egypt under Amenhotep II (18th dynasty), where he served as god of horses and chariots. His beard appears Syrian in style and he normally wears the Upper Egyptian crown adorned with a gazelle head in front and a ribbon behind. Reverence of Reshep extended as far away as Spain. What does resheph mean? Originally adopted into the royal cult, Resheph became a popular deity in the Ramesside Period, at the same time disappearing from royal inscriptions. R. is known as an important god from Eblaitic and Ugaritic texts as well as Egyptian sources (LEITZ 2002). Resheph was closely associated with the native Egyptian war god, Monthu and with many other deities. Resheph is the husband of Qadesh, the Semitic goddess of nature (from Syria) and father of Min, the god of fertility. As such, Reshep was associated with Montu, Egypt's native god of war. (In Egyptian texts this God is called Reshep and is a God of Thunder and Battle.) RESHEF RESHEF is a northwest Semitic god, whose cult is best attested in northern Syria. Resheph is a small god with long black hair that he keeps tied back. Reshep was a war god whose origins are from Syria. Phoenicean Plague God We may be barking up the wrong pyramid, but Reshef seems to have an uncanny resemblance to the Egyptian Reshep. Reshep (Resheph, Rahshaf, Rasap, Rashap, Resep, Reshef, Reshpu) was a Syrian plague and war god whose worship in Egypt dates from around the Eighteenth Dynasty. Egypt had one of the largest and most complex pantheons of gods of any civilization in the ancient world. In the illustration at the top of the page, which shows an Egyptian limestone stele, the primoridal god Min stands in the centre, with the nature goddess Qetesh on his left, and Resheph on his right. However, his force for destruction of royal enemies in battle, extended beyond the royal circles by his power to cure the ordinary people disease. Updates? At the request of the Goddess Athirat, these two Deities perform a harvest-ritual involving the sacrifice of an ass, which is meant to keep the animal from eating the leaves and shoots of the vines. Copyright © Egyptian-Gods.org. In Egypt, Reshep was considered a god of war and pestilence. comment. Canaan God name "Resheph/ Mikal/ Mekal" Phoenicia: The god of plague & of the underworld: God name "Reshephi" Phoenicia: God of plague and the underworld. On stele representing the deity, Qetesh is represented as a frontal nude standing on a lion, often between Min of Egypt and the Canaanite warrior god Resheph. Artistic representations and references show that he was lord of the underworld, the god of war and pestilence. References to Anubis are found in texts dating back to the Old Kingdom. Resheph was a God of War and Tunder, originally from Syrian. Resheph (Rašap, Rešef, Reshef; Canaanite/Hebrew ršp רשף) was a Canaanite deity of plague and war.In Egyptian iconography Resheph is depicted wearing the crown of Upper Egypt surmounted in front by the head of a gazelle. Imhotep was a commoner by birth who advanced to the position of one of the most imp… He is found in Ugaritic, Phoenician, Aramaic and Egyptian texts and features at least seven times in the Hebrew Bible. Throughout his life, he would hold many titles including First After the King of Upper Egypt, Administrator of the Great Palace, Chancellor of the King of Lower Egypt, Hereditary Nobleman, High Priest of Heliopolis, and Sculptor and Maker of Vases Chief. In these texts, Resheph … He also wears a bycoket hat. 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